Objective Indian Polity PDF-Indian Polity Study Material UPSC

Objective Indian Polity PDF-Indian Polity Study Material UPSC

Objective Indian Polity PDF-Indian Polity Study Material UPSC-Hello friends welcome to lucentgk.in.Today here we are going to share Indian Polity notes for UPSC aspirants.you can download study material from our website.Lucent gk team make efforts for providing good mterial in pdf format.

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OBJECTIVE INDIAN POLITY PDF-INDIAN POLITY STUDY MATERIAL UPSC

OBJECTIVE INDIAN POLITY PDF-INDIAN POLITY STUDY MATERIAL UPSC

What is federalism?
  1. Federalism is a system of government in which the power is divided between a central authority and various constituent units of the country.
  2. Usually, a federation has two levels of government. One is the government for the entire country that is usually responsible for a few subjects of common national interest.
  3. The others are governments at the level of provinces or states that look after much of the day-to-day administering of their state.
  4. Both these levels of governments enjoy their power independent of the other.
  5. In this sense, federations are contrasted with unitary governments. Under the unitary system, either
  6. there is only one level of government or the sub-unit sare subordinate to the central government.
  7. The central government can pass on orders to the provincial or the local government.
  8. But in a federal system,the central government cannot order the state government to do something.
  9. State government has powers of its own for which it is not answerable to the central government.
  10. Both these governments are separately answerable to the people.
The key features of federalism:
  1. two or more levels (or tiers) of government.
  2. • Different tiers of government govern the same citizens, but each tier has its own JURISDICTION in specific matters of legislation, taxation and administration. jurisdictions of the respective levels or tiers of government are specified in the constitution. So the
  3. existence and authority of each tier of government is constitutionally guaranteed.
  4. • The fundamental provisions of the constitution cannot be unilaterally changed by one level of government.
  5. Such changes require the consent of both the levels of government.
  6. • Courts have the power to interpret the constitution and the powers of different levels of government. The highest court acts as an umpire if disputes arise between different levels of government in the exercise of their respective powers.

OBJECTIVE INDIAN POLITY PDF-INDIAN POLITY STUDY MATERIAL UPSC

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